Parenting Basics 101

Learn how to be a better parent using tried and true methods

Parenting 101                                       The Parenting "Back to Basics" Outline

1.      Debunking some myths, and re-learning some basic facts:

a.       Raising kids isn’t difficult – trust your common sense

b.      You don’t need a shelf full of books to tell you how to do it

c.       You can make plenty of smaller mistakes and your kids will still turn out fine - relax.

d.      Not all “old-fashioned” parenting methods are bad, no matter what the “experts” tell you

e.       Kids behave like kids because their brains are wired that way – until their early 20s!

f.        Don’t leave parenting your kids to others – it’s your responsibility

g.       Kids are born with the foundations of their personality, gender identity, sexual orientation, certain physical abilities, and intelligence hard-wired into their brains – parents and life experiences can influence the rest

h.       Kids aren’t “pure beings” that adults corrupt. They’re imperfect because they’re human.

i.         Sugar doesn’t make kids hyper (12 studies have proven this) but it does rot their teeth

j.        Coloring inside the lines isn’t about stifling creativity – it’s about developing fine motor control skills

 

2.      The parents’ three basic jobs (BOTH parents!)

a.       Nurturing – helping their children develop into good people

b.      Education – not just formal school, but education for life

c.       Health & Welfare (food, clothing, shelter, medical care)

 

3.      Basic parenting goals

a.       Preserve your marriage

b.      Prepare your child to leave home (eventually)

c.       Teach your child what she needs to know to be a good citizen

d.   Teach your child how to live well with others

e.      Teach your child what he needs to run a household

f.       Prepare your child for a career

g.        Expose and teach your child to enjoy the finer aspects of life – as you see them

 

4.      What kind of kid do you both want? What kind of adult do you want them to become?

a.       It’s your job to teach them to be the kind of people you want them to be, and no one else’s.

b.      Do you want them to learn your own religious, political or social philosophies?

c.       How about manners, consideration for others, open-mindedness, social skills?

d.      Set high expectations for behavior, education, and other things that are important to you

e.       Before you have kids (or right away if you already have them!), get your minds together on these questions

 

5.      Get your own moral and ethical house in order

a.       What kind of kids do you want? Think about it. Make a list of desirable attributes.

b.      Think about the examples you set. Do you need to make some changes in your own lives?

 

6.      Keep balance in all things

a.       Nurturing – discipline

b.      Time together – time apart

c.       Work – play

d.      Letting your lives get seriously out of balance is the single most destructive thing you can do to your child

e.       For instance, don’t allow nurturing to preclude discipline when it’s clearly needed

f.        Don’t try to manage “balance” unless you want to drive yourself (and your kids) nuts. Allow life to occur as naturally as possible.

g.       “Balance” doesn’t mean equal. Some things need to be given greater weight – for instance, time together as a family should have more weight than time apart when they are younger, but the opposite might be true as they near adulthood.

 

7.      Build a relationship with your kids

a.       Spend one-on-one time with them a few times a week, more when they’re younger – let them help you with your work, share a hobby, practice sports skills, etc.

b.      Don’t over-do it. Just like food, kids can become addicted to attention

c.       Be accessible, but don’t allow unnecessary interruptions

d.      Don’t hover – supervise and guide as necessary

e.       You are an adult – behave like one – you are not your child’s playmate or best friend

 

8.      Protect your marriage relationship

a.       The marriage came first, and it should still be there after the kids are grown and gone

b.      Kids don’t come first – the marriage does (that doesn’t mean you ever totally ignore the kids)

c.       Nothing makes a child feel more secure than having two parents in a stable relationship.

d.      Make time each day for just the two of you – tell the kids to go to their rooms and play so you can be alone together for a while. Dinner preparation works well.

e.       For single parents, schedule regular “me time” without kids every day.

f.        Single parents should also take time for themselves, dating, shopping alone or with a friend, adult activities, etc.

g.       It’s never “your kid” or “my kid” – always “our” kid. Even if you’re divorced.

 

9.      Protect your child’s future

a.       Little or no TV before age 6 (TV in early years has been tied to ADD)

b.      Watch eating habits – don’t allow between meal snacks with the exception of a small, healthy one after school.

c.       Moderate your child’s sugar intake to reduce the possibility of developing diabetes

d.      Parents - give up smoking and other bad habits

e.       Teach kids not to put anything into their bodies that doesn’t absolutely need to be there. This applies to drugs, over the counter medications, excessive food, etc. Don’t run for the medicine cabinet every time a child has a minor sniffle. Despite what the drug companies have conditioned us to believe, it doesn’t make you a bad parent. Children shouldn’t learn that pills can fix every problem.

 

10.  Parents as teachers – your most important role

a.       Parents are a child’s first and most important teachers

b.      Schools are for academics – parents need to teach the rest

c.       You are with them for life – school teachers have them only nine months each

d.      Parents teach all the really important life lessons

e.       Look for “hidden” skills and talents – encourage them as appropriate

f.        Share hobbies and interests

g.       Remember, you know more than your children do

h.       Important lessons need repetition – repeat them consistently and often

11.  Who runs things?

a.       A family can’t be a democracy – kids don’t have the knowledge, skills, or life experience to make good decisions yet

b.      As they get older, you can bring them into the decision making process when you feel it’s appropriate

c.       Kids’ opinions and preferences can be taken into account when parents make decisions sometimes, but in the end it’s the parents who must make the decisions.

d.      “Because I said so” is a perfectly good reason

e.       Stick to your decisions – don’t let your kids pester you into changing your mind

f.        Be clear in your directives to kids – don’t “ask” them to do something – say “it’s time to put your toys away and get ready for bed”

g.       Don’t argue or negotiate with younger kids – they can’t understand adult logic yet, just their own selfish wants and needs

 

12.  Discipline & Behavior

a.       Discipline and punishment aren’t the same thing

b.      Discipline is a skill you teach – it’s also called “self-control” or “self-discipline”

c.       Make sure your kids “take ownership” of their behavior and responsibilities by holding them accountable

d.      When a child lacks self-discipline, the parents need to impose it externally until the child learns and internalizes it

e.       Set a standard of acceptable behavior and stick to it

f.        Be consistent!

 

13.  Punishment is only used to make lessons “stick” if they don’t seem to be “getting it”

a.       Use gentle correction whenever possible, but have stronger methods ready when you need them.

b.      Punishments need to be “memorable” to be effective, but don’t go for the “nuclear option” every time.

c.       Time-outs only work well for pre-schoolers. From 1st grade on you’ll need to be a bit more creative.

d.      Make the level of punishment roughly appropriate to the seriousness of the behavior you are correcting. Err a little on the strong side if in doubt to be sure they get the message.

e.       Younger kids need shorter punishments. The older they get the longer they need to be.

f.        Make punishments reasonable so you won’t be tempted to not follow through

g.       Once imposed, never back down from any reasonable punishment

h.       Be sure both parents are “on the same page” regarding unacceptable behaviors and punishment to prevent the child from using “divide and conquer” techniques

i.         Stuff that works:

                                                   i.      Grounding

                                                 ii.      Missing a favorite activity, one or more times

                                                iii.      Loss of a favorite privilege or toy

                                               iv.      Restriction to one (boring) room

                                                 v.      Early bedtime

                        vi.  Any mix of the above

j.       Brief spankings are okay, used very sparingly for serious offences, but never beatings! This is very much a personal choice issue.

 

14.  Teaching Manners and Self-Discipline

a.       Set high standards for behavior and don’t back down

b.      Begin teaching basic manners (please, thank you, not interrupting others, basic politeness) as soon as they are able to understand – age two or three for most kids

c.       Teach kids to sit patiently and wait from an early age

  

15.  Contributing to the family and learning life skills

a.       Every kid should have at least one family chore as soon as they can handle it

b.      The complexity and number of chores should increase with age – starting at age three

c.       At 6 a child should be able to set a table, keep his room clean. By 8, they should be able to do their own laundry. By 10 they should be able to cook a complete simple family meal. By 18, they should be able to run a complete household.

d.      Children should not be paid for doing family chores. It’s part of their contribution to the family’s well being.

e.       Chores teach skills, responsibility, and the importance of contributing to the family’s well-being.

f.        Keeping one’s room clean is not a family chore – it’s a personal responsibility

g.       Never do anything for a child they can do for themselves (okay, you can help out if your child is sick or injured, or clearly overwhelmed – that teaches compassion)

 

16.  Allowances & Money

a.       An allowance should be provided to teach them how to manage money

b.      The allowance should not be revoked except in cases of seriously poor spending choices, and then only until an understanding can be reached between you

c.       Make the child responsible for purchasing certain luxuries with their allowance – special clothing, sports equipment, snacks, toys, etc.

d.      Teach the concept of saving for larger purchases

e.       Money can be earned for “extra” one-time jobs that aren’t their regular chores – until they are old enough to go out and get a part time job on their own.

 

17.  Education and School

a.       Education must begin in the home

                                       i.      Read to your children often – even long after they can read for themselves

                                     ii.      Encourage them to read on their own

                                    iii.      Teach problem solving skills and strategies

                                   iv.      Place a high value on education and communicate that to your child

                                     v.      NEVER say “I wasn’t good at (insert subject) either.” This is the same as giving your child permission to stop trying.

b.      Keep expectations high, and set high academic standards

c.       If possible, choose schools that also set high standards and expectations

d.      Let teachers know your expectations early on, and follow up

e.       Encourage strengths, support weaknesses

 

18.  Avoid creating addictive behaviors

a.       Don’t praise everyday accomplishments, when a simple acknowledgement will do

b.      No “food on demand” – this leads to food addiction and obesity

c.       Too much attention – leads to kids who need constant attention and won’t give you a moment’s rest. However, don’t go off in the other direction and ignore them either!

 

19.  “Head fakes,” or, why we want kids to do stuff like sports and Scouts

a.       It’s not about the skills they learn or fun they have, but the kids don’t know that.

b.      Most kids won’t be pro ballplayers or wilderness adventurers.

c.       It’s about learning other life lessons

                                                   i.      Teamwork

                                                 ii.      Leadership

                                                iii.      Value systems

                                               iv.      Fair play

                                                 v.      Self-sufficiency

                                               vi.      Putting others before yourself

                                              vii.      Being of use to others and the world

d.      Scouting offers a far broader range of life lessons than sports – if the troop is well run.

 

20.  Countering the “self-esteem” mistake

a.       Psychologists are in growing agreement that the so-called “self-esteem movement” of the last few decades was a terrible mistake. Some schools continue to use the program though, and you may need to temper it as best you can.

b.      High self-esteem is a result – not a cause – of good performance.

c.       High self-esteem is a side-effect of positive results achieved through hard work – it can’t be given out like candy

d.      Kids need to know where they stand – phony praise has no value

                                                   i.      The effort has to be their own

                                                 ii.      Don’t tear a kid down – be supportive

                                                iii.      Praise important results, but don’t overdo it. Most of the time, a simple acknowledgement is all that’s needed.

                                               iv.      Recognize effort, but make it clear that results are what really count.

e.       Other people are just as important as you are

f.        You can’t be anything you want to be, but you have the right to try

                                                   i.      You have the right to follow your dreams, but try to temper them with reality – a kid who can’t carry a tune won’t make it as a singer, no matter how badly they want it. Desire, no matter how strong, does not equal talent.

                                                 ii.      Only a small percentage of those who dream of it have what it takes to become professional athletes, actors, or performers.

g.       It’s important to be comfortable with yourself – but truly loving yourself can be a dangerous path to travel. Cases of clinical narcissism have reached an all time high since 2000.

h.       Self-control is proven to be a better predictor of future success than self-esteem

 

21.  “Different” kids

a.       Not all kids are typical – physical and mental disabilities, mental illness, birth defects, sexual orientation, gender identity

b.      Even if they are “different” they still deserve your full love and support

c.       Sexual orientation and gender identity are hard-wired before birth. There is nothing you can do about it. This is long-settled science.

d.      Gender identity (transgender) disorders are now thought to be a true medical birth defect, and the evidence is strong

e.       Relabeling won’t help much – (i.e. calling a disabled student “differently abled.”) Every label of this sort will eventually acquire a negative connotation – we’re going to run out of accurate descriptions if we change them all the time. It’s how you treat them that’s important.

 

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